General Questions
Q: What is a Kidney Stone?
A: Kidney stones are solid crystal aggregations formed from dissolved urinary minerals. Kidney stones typically leave the body by passage in the urine stream. If stones grow to large before passage, the can cause obstruction of teh ureter - this leads to pain usually felt in the groin and lower abdomen.
How Do I Know I Have Kidney Stones?
Q: What are the symptoms?

Some symptoms of kidney stones are very similar to the symptoms of a urinary tract infection or cystitis, especially in women. These have to do with urination. You might notice discolored or cloudy urine and pain, smarting, or burning during urination. A frequent or urgent need to urinate is usually a false alarm, as it may be difficult to actually urinate more than a tiny amount.

Given these warning symptoms, a doctor can diagnose kidney stones by doing a blood or urine test, conducting an ultrasound, or taking an X-ray with or without dye. Then a medical professional can eliminate the kidney stone by a variety of methods, ranging from non-invasive flushing with lots of liquid, to minor surgery under general anaesthetic.

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