The Cardiac Surgery Team performs elective as well as emergency heart surgery.
The most common procedures performed are coronary artery bypass, graft
surgery and heart valve replacement. Surgeons gain access to the heart
through the breastbone, or if the patient is a candidate for minimally
invasive open heart surgery the surgeon gains access through a smaller
incision between the ribs on the right of the left side of the chest.
In coronary bypass surgery, the saphenous (leg) vain radial (forearm)
artery and/or the internal mammary (chest wall) artery are used to bypass
the blocked heart arteries. This procedure improves the blood supply the
heart muscle, which is intended to relive symptoms and prevent damage.
Valve repair or replacement surgery with either a tissue or mechanical
valve improves the function of the heart as a pump. The main goal of heart
surgery is to enable patients to resume an active and satisfying life.