Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement or (TAVR) is performed on patients
who have been diagnosed with Aortic stenosis. Aortic stenosis happens when your heart valve is too narrow or stiff and
blood can’t flow freely through the valve due to calcium buildup.
This condition can make it hard to breathe and can even be life-threatening.
TAVR is a lifesaving, minimally invasive non-surgical procedure on a beating
heart with a catheter that is inserted through the groin, carrying the
new valve to the heart. TAVR does not require patients to have a chest
incision or cardiopulmonary bypass.
TAVR is different from open heart surgery since it uses a less invasive
approach to treat a diseased aortic valve. The most common technique involves
a small incision made in the leg. This is called the transfemoral approach.
In the transfemoral approach, a small incision is made in your leg and
a catheter will be inserted into your artery up to your heart and will
replace the diseased aortic valve.
Once you have an artificial valve, your heart function and your life will
largely return to normal. You should feel better than before you had the surgery if your condition was symptomatic; for example, you
should no longer experience shortness of breath and fatigue. However,
if your heart was already severely affected before your surgery, you may
continue to experience complications of heart disease. You should be able
to resume most of your normal activities, although you will have to continue
to monitor your condition. You need to watch out for blood clots and infections
so it is important that you see your doctor regularly.