Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar)
levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This
is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin
to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't
make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly. This is called
insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make
up for it. But, over time your pancreas isn’t able to keep up and
can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose levels normal.
Type 2 is treated with lifestyle changes, oral medications (pills), and insulin.
When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can
cause two problems:
- Right away, your cells may be starved for energy.
- Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.
Some people with type 2 can control their blood glucose with healthy eating
and being active. But, your doctor may need to also prescribe oral medications
or insulin to help you meet your target blood glucose levels. Type 2 usually
gets worse over time – even if you don’t need medications
at first, you may need to later on.
Some groups have a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than others.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans,
and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population.