Prediabetes is a condition that precedes diabetes. Prediabetes is a fasting
blood sugar of 100 – 125 mg/dl, or a blood sugar of 140 –
200 mg/dl measured 2 hours after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
and/or a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 5.7-6.4%. If left untreated,
prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes.
- 40+ years old
- Lack of exercise
- Family history
- Gestational diabetes (GDM)
- Certain ethnic groups: African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and
Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders
HOW CAN I DELAY OR PREVENT TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by starting to exercise more,
eating healthy, and losing a few pounds. Medications may also be prescribed.
Being active is one of the best ways to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes.
Losing weight can help in lowering the chances of getting diabetes. One
way to become more active is to walk for 30 minutes, five days a week.
It can also lower blood pressure and improve cholesterol levels.
Being overweight can increase the risk of diabetes. A small amount of weight
loss of 5% to 7% of total body weight (for example, 10 to 14 pounds for
a 200-pound person), and reaching a healthy weight can help in delaying
or preventing type 2 diabetes.
MAKE HEALTHY CHOICES
Taking small steps can go a long way toward building healthy habits. Here
are some of the small steps to get started:
- Avoid or cut back on soda and juice. Drink water or calorie-free drinks
- Cut calories by eating smaller servings and choosing lower-calorie snacks
- Include more vegetables in meals
- Choose fruits instead of high-calorie cakes, pies, cookies, and ice cream
- Use healthy oils, such as canola, olive, and vegetable
- Cut back on processed meats high in fat and sodium, such as hot dogs, sausage, and bacon